The Phrases That You Can Use In Mun ( For Delegates) by Gizem DİKİCİOĞLU

You can find the phrases and their meanings which we use during the session time. These are the keywords that are being used on the international level. Don’t forget, memorize it with the best way is being suggested. But if you cannot don’t worry you can take notes on note papers and in this way you can easily remember the phrases. I don’t want to make you wait or bored so let’s start with basics 🙂

To have the floor

To have been given the right to speak in debate before the house. You can take the floor on your GSLs, opening speeches or whenever you want to talk about the topic. You took the floor and your speech was done. The chair will ask you for what would you do with your remaining time.

And there are 3 options you can give.

1-To yield the floor When you say 

“We want to yield our time to the floor” which means you give your remaining time to the chair board. After you yield your time to the floor, there’s nothing you need to do. You can be seated.

2-To yield to another delegate

When you using this phrase you need to mention the other delegate’s country. Otherwise, the chairperson will be asking you for who is the delegate that you want to give your time. Then, the chairperson asks the other delegate for does he/she accept your time. If the other delegate accepts you can be seated.

3- To open yourself for questions

If you use this phrase that means you’re accepting any kinds of points or questions. You need to stay on the floor and wait for the points or questions. Then you need to answer the questions which are given by other delegates.


You can use the points for your questions or the things that you want to mention. But keep in mind you can just ask or tell your points to the chairperson. In Harvard procedure, there are 3 kinds of points you can give.

1-Points of personal privilege

You can use this point for your needs. If we want to give an example of this kind of points’ place of use, we can give it like when you want to down the volume of the air-conditioner when you cannot hear the delegate when you don’t understand the motion which is given by other delegates, etc.

2-Point of order

You can use this point when you think there is a deterioration of the procedure. But keep in mind use it if you’re sure about the deterioration of the procedure.

3- Point of information

As you understand from its name, this point is for your information. This point is being used for getting information about everything from the chair board. We can give an example for this point like ” We miss the motion’s topic, what was the topic?”


If you want to give a suggestion about the session, you need to use motions. There are 16 motion types in the Harvard procedure.

  1. Motion to adjourn the meeting This motion is using to end up the meeting.
  2. Motion to suspend the meeting This motion is using to make a pause at the meeting.
  3. Motion to close the debate This motion is using to end up the discussion.
  4. Motion to table(postpone) the debate This motion is using for postponing the discussion.
  5. Motion to resume the debate This motion is using to make the discussion continue.
  6. Motion to reconsideration This motion is using for reawakening an old discussion.
  7. 7-Motion to reorder the resolutions This motion is using to make a new sorting on resolution paper.
  8. Motion to divide the house Well, this is kinda complicated. Imagine you’re voting the amendment and there is equalization in votes. And also there are some delegates who used abstaining votes. This motion is using for want from these delegates to vote again.
  9. Motion to divide the question This motion is using to divide the amendment to more than provision.
  10. Motion to conduct roll-call voting This motion is using for making a roll-call
  11. Motion to introduce a draft resolution This motion is using to introduce the resolution paper which was made by the delegates.
  12. Motion to introduce an amendment This motion is using to introduce the amendment’s decisions.
  13.  Motion to question the competence This motion is using when you think that the committee is wandering from the subject at hand.
  14.  Motion to extend the previous caucus This motion is using to extend the previous caucus.
  15. Motion to unmoderated caucus This motion is using for making the delegates be lobbied or prepare the amendment’s decisions in a specific time period. Delegates can walk inside the committee free.
  16. Motion to moderated caucus This motion is used to continue to debate under the control of chairperson. In this caucus, delegates raise their placards to speak and the chairperson chooses the next speaker.

Useful Phrases to be used:

  • When starting to speak Mr./Madam Chairman… When beginning a speech Albania wishes to speak in favor of/against this motion/resolution/amendment because…
  • When wishing to ask a question The delegate rises to a point of information/point of order
  • When asking a question Is the Chair/the speaker (not) aware that… Does the speaker (not) agree that… The speaker stated in his speech…Does the delegate of China (not) realize that…
  • When pausing to answer questions This delegate is open to points of information
  • When moving an amendment Zambia moves to amend the resolution by striking/inserting/adding the words…
  • When concluding a speech: Ecuador urges the assembly to vote for/against this motion… At the end of a speech, I yield the floor to the Chair/to the delegate of…, (or if requested by the Chair) Floor yielded
  • When you’re in committee, sometimes you have difficulty in clarifying yourself. You cannot find the word and stuck in a difficult situation.  If you’re one of these delegates this part for you. At these times, most delegates finish their speech like just saying “Thank you chair”. There are so many delegates who forget the words even if they have a lot of experience. But this is not a big problem even if it seems like it’s really complicated. You don’t need to memorize it, you can take notes the useful phrases on note papers. In this way, you can easily remember or check out the words during the session time. If you want to be a good delegate and clarify yourself in the best way, you shouldn’t end your speech undone. So I collect the useful words for you 🙂
  • Organizing Your Ideas: To add more ideas: – again – furthermore – in addition – moreover
  • To prove something – evidently, – for this reason, – because, – inevitably
  • To compare or contrast ideas: – alternatively – contrastingly – conversely – whereas
  • To show exceptions: – however – nevertheless – yet – in spite of To repeat or refer back to something: – as has been mentioned – it has been noted… – As previously discussed To show that you will include something later: – his will be discussed in detail later To emphasize something: – definitely – obviously – inevitably – undeniably To give an example: – for instance – in this case – in particular – notably To show the order of things – previously – following this – initially – subsequently – finally Summing up – It is clear that – The evidence shows
  • Conclusions: – In conclusion – To summarize – It has been shown that – Several conclusions emerge from this analysis – The evidence presented has shown that – It has been established that Agreement / In favor of – There are many reasons for … – There is no doubt about it that … – I simply must agree with that. – I am of the same opinion. – I am of the same opinion as … – I completely/absolutely agree with you… Qualified Disagreement – It is only partly true that… – I can agree with that only with reservations. – That seems obvious, but … – That is not necessarily so. – It is not as simple as it seems. – Under certain circumstances … Disagreement / Opposition – There is more to it than that. – The problem is that … – I (very much) doubt whether … – This is in complete contradiction to … – What is even worse, … – I am of a different opinion because … – I cannot share this / that / the view.


The Writer of



What do you think?

Written by

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

GIPHY App Key not set. Please check settings

Crisis Committee Guide by İpek GÜNEŞ

How to Choose an International MUN Conference by Maria CASTRUBIN